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2018考研英语阅读解题技巧

发布: 2017-06-02 01:16 | 来源:www.jptranslate.com | 查 看:

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以下是中公考研英语教研室的老师整理的“2018考研英语阅读解题技巧”,希望对大家有所帮助!

大家都知道,考研英语的阅读理解,分值占了整张试卷的近乎半壁江山,所以说拿下阅读一直是攻克考研英语最重要的环节。认识到这一点,每年的考生在备考期间,都会花费大量时间用于练习阅读,希望以此提升自己的英语成绩,然而结果却不尽如人意。其实考研英语阅读在考察考生理解能力的同时,想要提高自己的准确率,还需要辅助一定的解题技巧。接下来,我们就以2017年考研英语(一)阅读真题中的部分题目为例,向大家展示一些解题技巧。

例1.First two hours , now three hours-this is how far in advance authorities are recommending people show up to catch a domestic flight , at least at some major U.S. airports with increasingly massive security lines.

Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804,which terrorists may have downed over the Mediterranean Sea ,provides another tragic reminder of why. But demanding too much of air travelers or providing too little security in return undermines public support for the process. And it should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017年 Text1)

21. the crash of Egypt Air Flight 804 is mentioned to

[A] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide.

[B] highlight the necessity of upgrading major US airports.

[C] explain Americans' tolerance of current security checks.

[D] emphasis the importance of privacy protection.

中公解析:阅读理解的命题基本上都是按照“题文同序”的原则进行的。所谓的“题文同序”就是说命题和文章的行文顺序保持一致。第21题,是该文的第一道题,答案肯定是来源于首段或者是二段。“作者提到埃及804航班坠毁事件是为了说明什么”题干中的这种问法是典型的例证题。作者引用一个例子肯定是为了证明他要表达的观点。所以说这种类型的题目,答案即为观点。那么观点往往出现在什么地方?这又牵涉到议论文的结构问题—“论点+论据”。所以说The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804前面的观点句Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety。(为了安全,美国民众乐意忍受耗时的案件流程)即为答案。与之相吻合的为C选项。

例2. Last year, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) found in a secret check that undercover investigators were able to sneak weapons---both fake and real-past airport security nearly every time they tried .Enhanced security measures since then, combined with a rise in airline travel due to the improving economy and low oil prices, have resulted in long waits at major airports such as Chicago's O'Hare International..It is not yet clear how much more effective airline security has become-but the lines are obvious.(2017年 Text1)

22. which of the following contributions to long waits at major airport?

[A] New restrictions on carry-on bags.

[B] The declining efficiency of the TSA.

[C] An increase in the number of travelers.

[D] Frequent unexpected secret checks.

中公解析:第21题答案锁定在第二段,22题的答案,大家就要向后看了。22题是一道细节题。50%的阅读题都是这种考法。针对细节题,大家可以采用“关键词”定位去做。题干问的是主要航站楼排起长队的原因,根据题干中的关键词long waits at major airport,可定位到Enhanced security measures since then, combined with a rise in airline travel due to the improving economy and low oil prices, have resulted in long waits at major airports such as Chicago's O'Hare International。(安检措施的提升,加上随着经济发展,石油价格的下跌,空乘旅客越来越多,致使诸如芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场大型机场里排起了长队)。因此,符合原文的C选项。

(本文为中公考研英语教研组老师原创,转载请注明出处!)

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