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小学英语语法总结

发布: 2017-04-29 19:41 | 来源:网络整理 | 查 看:

摘要:小学英语语法总结

小学英语语法总结

1.人称代词

主格: I, we, you, she, he, it ,they

宾格: me, us, you, her, him, it, them

形容词性物主代词:my, our, your, her, his, its, their

名词性物主代词: mine, ours, yours ,hers ,his, its, theirs

2.形容词和副词的比较级

(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er

    older, taller ,longer ,stronger, etc

(2) 多音节词前+more

  more interesting, etc.

(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er

  bigger, fatter, etc.

(4) 把y变i,再+er

  heavier, earlier, etc.

(5) 不规则变化:

  well-better, much/many-more, etc.

3.可数词的复数形式

  大多数名词+ s : a book –books

  以辅音y结尾的名词, y变i加es: a story—stories

  以 s, sh, ch 或 x 结尾的名词,加 es :a glass—glasses; a watch-watches

  以o 结尾的名词,加s 或es: a piano—pianos ;a mango—mangoes

  以f 或 fe 结尾的名词,将f 或 fe 变为ves: a knife –knives ;a shelf-shelves

  4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)

  bread, rice, water ,juice etc.

  5. 缩略形式

  I’m = I am ;you’re = you are ;she’s = she is ;he’s = he is;

  it’s = it is ;who’s =who is ;can’t =can not; isn’t=is not ,etc

  6. a/an

  a book, a peach

  an egg, an hour

  7. Preposition(介词)

  表示方位:on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind

  表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast,on Monday ,on 15th July ,

on National Day, in the evening, in December, in winter

  8. 基数词和序数词

  one – first; two-second ;twenty-twentieth

  9. Some /any(一般情况下陈述句中用some;疑问句和否定句中用any)

  I have some toys in my bedroom.

  Do you have any brothers or sisters?

  10. be 动词

  (1) 基本形式: am/are/is

  (2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.

                      My eyes are(not) small.

                      My hair is(not) long.

  (3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.

                   Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

                    Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

  11. there be 结构

  肯定句: There is a (an)…

           There are …

  一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

              Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.

  否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

  12. 祈使句

  Sit down please

  Don’t sit down, please.

  13. 现在进行时.(通常用“now”)

  形式: be + 动词 的ing形式

    eg: I am(not) doing my homework.

         You/We/They are(not) reading.

         He/She/It is(not) eating.

  动词 —ing 的形式

  大多数动词直接加ing: walk—walking

  以 e结尾的动词,去e 加ing: come—coming (see除外,seeing)

  以元音加辅音结尾的动词,双写后面的辅音,再加ing:run –running ; swim—swimming

  14 一般现在时。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。

  肯定句:

  I go to school on foot every day.

  She usually goes to school on foot.

  一般疑问句:

  Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

  否定句: